The Atlanta Fed's macroblog provides commentary and analysis on economic topics including monetary policy, macroeconomic developments, inflation, labor economics, and financial issues.

Authors for macroblog are Dave Altig, John Robertson, and other Atlanta Fed economists and researchers.

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September 04, 2008

Employment watch

I pity the folks on the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) Business Cycle Dating Committee, burdened as they are with the task of determining if and when the U.S. economy finds itself in an officially designated “recession.” While skepticism about the preliminary report on second quarter U.S. growth is not entirely unjustified, it isn’t so easy to square the presumption of an economy in recession with the gross domestic product (GDP) data we have in hand.

On the other hand, there is the employment picture, which I would rank high among equals on the list of things that the NBER committee says it monitors in making the recession call. A few weeks back, Menzie Chinn noted.

“Over the past few months, I've heard that, while job creation is insufficient to keep unemployment rates constant, job losses have not been consistent with recession…

“What is clear is that while the employment series might not be evidencing a severe dropoff, the hours series is [Update: this point has been made previously by Spencer at Angry Bear]. This is relevant because growth in hours is at levels consistent with at least the last two recessions.”

Actually in the referenced post from Angry Bear, Spencer notes that even the employment series looks awfully recession-like:

For this reason the monthly Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) employment report looms large, at least in my own thinking about the state of the economy. And today, of course, brings a sneak preview in the form of the ADP National Employment Report. The news didn’t suggest any break from the recent pattern:

According to Joel Prakken, chairman of Macroeconomic Advisers, LLC, "Nonfarm private employment decreased 33,000 from July to August 2008 on a seasonally adjusted basis, according to the ADP National Employment Report. The estimated change in employment from June to July was revised down from an increase of 9,000 to an increase of 1,000.

"The decline in August continues the recent trend in employment that is consistent with an economy that is growing slowly but has not fallen into recession."

If you follow these things, you know that today’s ADP news is not all that likely to be confirmed by tomorrow’s official BLS report. It’s useful to bear in mind, however, what is one of the main selling points of the ADP statistic:

“There is a very powerful statistical tendency for estimates of growth of establishment employment, as reported by the BLS after annual benchmarking, to be revised in the direction of estimates previously published in the ADP National Employment Report.”

Here’s what they are talking about.

In words, when the ADP stat on employment growth has exceeded the initial BLS number, there has been a tendency for ultimate revisions to the official BLS job growth number that are in the upward direction.

Today, of course, may not be like the past, but it’s something to bear in mind as you process tomorrow’s report.

September 4, 2008 in Data Releases , Labor Markets | Permalink


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Dave says: "...there has been a tendency for ultimate revisions to the official BLS job growth number that are in the upward direction." Well, yes... and no. According to BLS data Actual vs. Revised US Nonfarm Payroll Total MoM Net Change SA, if we focus on the past year, we find that revisions have been on average -12K from actual. Put another way, over the past year, the BLS has reported 144K more nonfarm payroll jobs than were actually created when the numbers were ultimately revised. If however, we focus on let's say the past 2-years, the average revision has been +3.8K. So while over longer history Dave is correct, over the past year the BLS has been on average overstating, rather then understating nonfarm payrolls in their monthly report. Something else to keep in mind as we process tomorrow's report.

Posted by: Ken | September 04, 2008 at 06:43 PM

Dave, if you look at the "output gap" (where trend is measured as a straight line through log real GDP starting at 1973), our output gap is now -2%, which is lower than it was in the 01 recession and about the same place it was in the 91 recession.

Hope you are liking Atlanta!

Posted by: Morris Davis | September 08, 2008 at 06:03 PM

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Posted by: Employment Genius | April 12, 2011 at 12:38 PM

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