The Atlanta Fed's macroblog provides commentary and analysis on economic topics including monetary policy, macroeconomic developments, inflation, labor economics, and financial issues.
- BLS Handbook of Methods
- Bureau of Economic Analysis
- Bureau of Labor Statistics
- Congressional Budget Office
- Economic Data - FRED® II, St. Louis Fed
- Office of Management and Budget
- Statistics: Releases and Historical Data, Board of Governors
- U.S. Census Bureau Economic Programs
- White House Economic Statistics Briefing Room
November 08, 2005
Why Central Banks Are Independent
It appears that eurozone Treasury officials and the European Central Bank are not quite on the same page. From the Financial Times:
Eurozone finance ministers on Monday night locked horns with Jean-Claude Trichet, president of the European Central Bank, to warn that an early interest rate rise could hit the region's fragile economic recovery.
The ministers' case leans heavily on the divergent behaviors of "headline" and core inflation:
Ministers said higher oil costs were not yet feeding through into increased prices in the shops or wage rises, and inflation remained under control...
A Eurostat flash estimate for last month put the rate at 2.5 per cent, although core inflation - excluding energy prices - was about 1.5 per cent.
Jean-Claude Juncker, the Luxembourg prime minister and eurogroup president, said there was not yet evidence of second-round inflationary effects from oil prices. The European Commission said core inflation, excluding energy prices, were about 1.5 per cent. "The spillover from high oil prices has been largely absent so far," it said.
To be sure, the finance ministers' comments are being offered as friendly advice..
Mr. Juncker's spokesman said they were not trying to tell the bank what to do. "The idea is that the ECB should listen to what ministers have to say and to take decisions after listening to the debate," he said.
... but the Wall Street Journal reports (page A14 in the print edition) at least some sentiment for a more active intervention:
Some finance ministries are even advising the Commission and the ECB to give Eastern European countries more leeway to miss inflation targets. New EU members must meet strict criteria on inflation, which poses a problem for countries such as Estonia that are growing strong but have high inflation.
Modern central banks are public institutions, and as such are accountable to the people's representatives. So it is hard to argue with the sentiment expressed by Mr. Juncker's spokesman, or the legitimate role of the broader government in determining the long-run objectives of monetary policy. But, in the midst of such debates, it is always a good idea to keep in mind why central banks are created to an arms length from day-to-day political pressures.
TrackBack URL for this entry:
Listed below are links to blogs that reference Why Central Banks Are Independent:
- Can Two Wrongs Make a Right?
- Are People in Middle-Wage Jobs Getting Bigger Raises?
- GDPNow and Then
- What's behind the Recent Uptick in Labor Force Participation?
- Is the Number of Stay-at-Home Dads Going Up or Down?
- Labor Force Participation: Aging Is Only Half of the Story
- Putting the MetLife Decision into an Economic Context
- The Rise of Shadow Banking in China
- Which Wage Growth Measure Best Indicates Slack in the Labor Market?
- Collateral Requirements and Nonbank Online Lenders: Evidence from the 2015 Small Business Credit Survey
- May 2016
- April 2016
- March 2016
- February 2016
- January 2016
- November 2015
- October 2015
- September 2015
- August 2015
- July 2015
- Business Cycles
- Business Inflation Expectations
- Capital and Investment
- Capital Markets
- Data Releases
- Economic conditions
- Economic Growth and Development
- Exchange Rates and the Dollar
- Fed Funds Futures
- Federal Debt and Deficits
- Federal Reserve and Monetary Policy
- Financial System
- Fiscal Policy
- Health Care
- Inflation Expectations
- Interest Rates
- Labor Markets
- Latin America/South America
- Monetary Policy
- Money Markets
- Real Estate
- Saving, Capital, and Investment
- Small Business
- Social Security
- This, That, and the Other
- Trade Deficit
- Wage Growth