The Atlanta Fed's macroblog provides commentary and analysis on economic topics including monetary policy, macroeconomic developments, inflation, labor economics, and financial issues.
- BLS Handbook of Methods
- Bureau of Economic Analysis
- Bureau of Labor Statistics
- Congressional Budget Office
- Economic Data - FRED® II, St. Louis Fed
- Office of Management and Budget
- Statistics: Releases and Historical Data, Board of Governors
- U.S. Census Bureau Economic Programs
- White House Economic Statistics Briefing Room
June 16, 2005
What's The Fed Up To? Part 2
In my previous post I noted that (a) for the period from June 2003, when the FOMC lowered the funds rate to 1 percent, through June 2004, when they began the current string of rate increases, the federal funds rate was somewhat lower than would be predicted by a Taylor rule describing "typical" Fed behavior on the basis of realized inflation and deviations of output from it's "potential"; and (b) that departure has disappeared as a result of FOMC rate decisions since that time. Here's a version of the graph I showed in that earlier post, isolating the period since 2000.
Mark Thoma defends the Fed's "inflation-targeting" in today's WSJ econoblog debate. Mark is liberal, well-intentioned, and knows a lot more about monetary policy than me, but I can't get the past the fact that the labor market is anemic and the most likely relief can only come from the Fed.
Max's position seems to be that the FOMC's focus on price stability has driven it to ignore the real side of the economy. In his part of the Econblog discussion, Mark does point out that price stability and output stability are not, within the boundaries of what monetary policy can achieve, necessarily at odds. But even beyond that, the vision of a Fed that is impervious to real weakness in the economy just doesn't seem justified by the facts. Here's a picture of what the Taylor rule prescription would be if we assumed the Committee decided to ignore the output gap completely:
So, it seems that even given falling rates of inflation over the period the FOMC was expressing concern about disinflationary pressures, the funds rate chosen was lower yet as a result of GDP falling short of its long-run potential.
Does that mean, as some have suggested, the central bank has downgraded it's concerns about the evolution of inflation? Don't think so. Here's a picture similar to the one above, assuming that the FOMC has been reacting to output gaps, but not inflation:
Put the two pictures together, and what do you get? A monetary authority with a dual mandate, that faithfully -- and consistently -- pursues both.
A few technical notes for the geeks:
-- The estimated Taylor rule in these two posts is "inertial" -- it includes one lag of the funds rate, thus incorporating an interest-rate smoothing motive. The empirical specification also includes a first-order moving-average error term (although that really doesn't play a very large role). The output gap is measured relative to Congressional Budget Office estimates of potential.
-- No, I did not use real-time data. Yes, I know that is an important issue.
-- Although I do say that these Taylor rule experiments suggest the FOMC behaves "consistently," note that I did not say optimally. As we all know, that is much trickier issue.
June 16, 2005 | Permalink
TrackBack URL for this entry:
Listed below are links to blogs that reference What's The Fed Up To? Part 2 :
MaxSpeak, You Listen!
Readable Rightie Dave Altig defends Yoda from our atavistic attacks with some dazzling graphics of Taylor rule simulations. Since Yoda refuses to answer these sorts of questions, maybe David will: Based on the most recent data, 1. How big is... [Read More]
Tracked on Jun 17, 2005 11:26:36 AM
- Does Loyalty Pay Off?
- Immigration and Hispanics' Educational Attainment
- Are Tariff Worries Cutting into Business Investment?
- Improving Labor Market Fortunes for Workers with the Least Schooling
- Part-Time Workers Are Less Likely to Get a Pay Raise
- Learning about an ML-Driven Economy
- Hitting a Cyclical High: The Wage Growth Premium from Changing Jobs
- Thoughts on a Long-Run Monetary Policy Framework, Part 4: Flexible Price-Level Targeting in the Big Picture
- Thoughts on a Long-Run Monetary Policy Framework, Part 3: An Example of Flexible Price-Level Targeting
- Thoughts on a Long-Run Monetary Policy Framework, Part 2: The Principle of Bounded Nominal Uncertainty
- August 2018
- July 2018
- June 2018
- May 2018
- April 2018
- March 2018
- February 2018
- January 2018
- November 2017
- October 2017
- Business Cycles
- Business Inflation Expectations
- Capital and Investment
- Capital Markets
- Data Releases
- Economic conditions
- Economic Growth and Development
- Exchange Rates and the Dollar
- Fed Funds Futures
- Federal Debt and Deficits
- Federal Reserve and Monetary Policy
- Financial System
- Fiscal Policy
- Health Care
- Inflation Expectations
- Interest Rates
- Labor Markets
- Latin America/South America
- Monetary Policy
- Money Markets
- Real Estate
- Saving, Capital, and Investment
- Small Business
- Social Security
- This, That, and the Other
- Trade Deficit
- Wage Growth